In this section, you may find new materials that have been published on the topic of ‘Migration’, since the date of the event. We continually select major new publications and articles that add up to the policy points discussed in this briefing.
Sub-Saharan Africa has a long history of internal and international migratory movements. Migration patterns and dynamics from, to and between rural areas are profoundly differentiated across regions, and flows have considerably evolved over time. Yet, more recently, rural migration takes place in the unique situation of a major rural and urban demographic increase, which results in critical socio-economic and environmental challenges. In this context, intertwined migration drivers emerge and call for a better understanding of on-going dynamics. This atlas offers a comprehensive analysis of the existing migration patterns as well as the diverse and multifaceted factors that impact on migration practices. It highlights the complexity of drivers at play and explains how mobility can be a strategic response to a rapidly changing environment. New rural livelihoods are contributing to intensifying rural-urban linkages and are part of the reshaping of regional dynamics and territorial development. Supporting these new dynamics with adequate public policies and multi-stakeholder strategies is of critical importance for the future of the continent.
Refugees and rural poverty
Jordan Times, December 2016
Development experts and policymakers understandably focus on migration to urban areas and the need for sustainable urbanisation. But they should not lose sight of the dramatic changes happening in rural areas, which are too often ignored. While the growing demand for food — driven by rising population and incomes — is creating opportunities for rural people, hunger and poverty remain concentrated in rural parts of developing countries. Unless rural development receives more attention, young people will continue to abandon agriculture and rural areas in search of better livelihoods in cities or abroad. Last year at the United Nations General Assembly, world leaders adopted the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which include a commitment to “leave no one behind”. And, with the number of forcibly displaced people reaching all-time highs this year, the UN will hold a summit on September 19 to discuss the problem. But no effort to address the issues surrounding the global surge in migrants and refugees will succeed unless it specifically targets the plight of the world’s rural poor. According to the World Bank, in 1990, some 37 per cent of people in developing regions lived on less than $1.90 a day.
– Migration, Disaster Risk Reduction and Resilience
International Organization for Migration, July 2013
In order to help expose the linkages between human mobility, the environment and disasters, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) has launched the Compendium of Activities on Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) and Resilience.