In this section, you may find new materials that have been published on the topic of ‘Building resilience of SIDS through trade and agribusiness development’, since the date of the event. We continually select major new publications and articles that add up to the policy points discussed in this briefing.
New book highlights issues facing Commonwealth small states
Creating a fresh perspective of how small states perform, exploring ways to help them do better and highlighting the Commonwealth’s role to ensure they are well-served by regional bodies are the key insights of a handbook launched at Marlborough House. The Commonwealth hosted the launch of the book, entitled Handbook of Small States, which discusses the economic, social and environmental issues of small states. The authors of the book hope it will be useful for academics, lawmakers, students and policymakers. It is the brainchild of Professor Lino Briguglio of the University of Malta, an internationally recognised researcher renowned for his pioneering work on vulnerability and resilience in small states. In this book, Professor Briguglio brings together cutting-edge thinking by academics and experts from institutions such as the International Monetary Fund, World Bank, the Commonwealth and leading universities. Speaking at the launch, Professor Briguglio said, “There is a message which runs through each chapter of the book. It indicates that small states are disadvantaged for various reasons including exposure and external shocks. However, the governance in the small states intends to be an advantage for various reasons because if the governance is good in a small state, the country tends to outperform other disadvantages, an example of this can be Malta and Luxemburg.”
Agriculture plays a dominant role in Pacific Small Island Developing States (SIDS). Although agriculture’s value added as a percentage of gross domestic product has generally declined over the past decade, the sector remains an important contributor to the economy of Pacific SIDS and is a source of livelihood to majority of the population. It is also one of the sectors that is most affected by disasters. This policy note has been prepared to highlight the importance of mainstreaming disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation in agriculture. It aims to support policymakers as they implement efforts to achieve the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and other global development frameworks. It is a part of a series of knowledge products produced under the Enhancing Knowledge and Capacity to Manage Disaster Risk for a Resilient Future in Asia and the Pacific Project with support from the United Nations Development Account.
A new United Nations global action programme launched today at FAO seeks to address pressing challenges related to food security, nutrition and the impacts of climate change facing the world’s Small Island Developing States (SIDS). The initiative was developed jointly by FAO, the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UNDESA) and the Office of the High Representative for Least Developed Countries, Landlocked Developing Countries and Small Island Developing States (OHRLLS). Because of their small size and isolation, SIDS are particularly threatened by natural disasters and the impacts of climate change. Many have limited arable agricultural land and are dependent on small-scale agriculture, ocean resources and high priced imports. The Global Action Programme aims to achieve three objectives: i) create enabling environments for food security and nutrition; ii) promote sustainable, resilient nutrition-sensitive food systems; and, iii) empower people and communities for improved food security and nutrition.
Cuba shares agricultural techniques with Fiji and Solomon Islands
Farmers from Fiji and the Solomon Islands traveled to Cuba to learn innovative farming techniques to promote and secure food security and environmental protection in their countries. Through the Global Environment Facility’s Small Grants Program (GEF) and the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), four farmers from Fiji and the Solomon Islands traveled to Cuba in early 2015 to learn about organic and urban agriculture practices. The initiative was supported by the Secretariat of the Pacific Community of the European Union, the Higher School of Urban and Suburban Agriculture and the ‘Alejandro de Humboldt’ Tropical Agriculture Fundamental Research Institute (INIFAT) of the Ministry of Agriculture in Cuba, and the Pacific Organic and Ethical Trade Community (POETcom). The Small Grants Program selected active farmers working on sustainable planting practices from the Tei Tei Taveuni (TTT) farmers organization in Fij and Zai na Tina Organic Demonstration and Research farms in the Solomon Islands (ZNT). For a week, the farmers from the Pacific participated in conferences and visited five Cuban agricultural cooperatives which are successfully implementing organic and urban agricultural practices.
Pacific Island countries and territories already face a range of development challenges due to their specific geographic and socio-economic characteristics, and their generally high exposure to natural hazards. The projected changes to the climate of the Pacific Island region over the coming decades present another challenging dimension that the region will need to grapple with. These changes could compromise the very ability of Pacific communities to meet their economic development needs. Agriculture and forestry underpin the livelihoods of a large number of people across the region and also account for a significant share of export income for most countries. It is vital that we understand how climate change will affect these sectors and what we can do to manage these emerging impacts. The devastation to Vanuatu’s crops and economic infrastructure caused by tropical cyclone Pam in March 2015 clearly demonstrates the potential consequences of the increased intensity of extreme weather events that will accompany climate change. It is essential that we identify measures to limit the impact of such events and ensure that food security and livelihoods are maintained.
Globalization, Agriculture and Food in the Caribbean: Climate Change, Gender and Geography
Editors: Beckford, Clinton L., Rhiney, Kevon (Eds.), 2016
The last decade has seen a growing body of research about globalization and climate change in the Caribbean. This collection is a significant addition to the literature on a topic that is of critical importance to the region. It explores research from a number of Caribbean islands dealing with a range of issues related to agriculture and food in the context of globalization and climate change. Using a broad livelihoods perspective, the impacts on rural livelihoods are explored as well as issues related to community level resilience, adaptability and adaptations. The volume is strengthened by gendered analyses of issues and discussions informed by a diverse range of research methods and methodologies. Scholars of Caribbean studies and studies pertaining to social, cultural, economic and environmental issues facing Small Island Developing States (SIDS) will greatly benefit from this book.
Vulnerability and Debt in Small States
CIGI Policy Brief No. 83, July 2016
Small states suffer from a host of inherent vulnerabilities given their small population and economic size. They are also disproportionately exposed to economic and non-economic shocks and crises and the consequences these have for macroeconomic stability and development. In combination — and despite extraordinary macroeconomic, fiscal and structural policy responses — these factors have severely impeded the ability of small states to achieve sustainable development. Inherent vulnerabilities and exposure to shocks have also proved to be a costly, stubborn and persistent challenge. In two crucial metrics — growth and participation in international trade — both long-term trends and recent data show that these countries are failing to keep pace with other developing countries and, indeed, many are falling behind. Small states, supported by development partners, need to take several steps to address both long-standing and more recent vulnerabilities: developing the blue economy and diversifying production and exports by expanding and accessing regional value chains; building climate-resilient infrastructure; increasing access to innovative sources of financing for development; and — for a growing number of small states — addressing increasingly unsustainable levels of indebtedness. Otherwise, many small states are likely to fall further behind.
Small island developing states (SIDS) have common economic challenges and are faced with high costs for energy, infrastructure, transportation, trade logistics and public administration. These challenges are increasingly undergirded by new concerns such as the high incidence of chronic non-communicable diseases, demographic transitions, high levels of outward migration, and the rising cost of adapting to climate change. There is therefore an increased need for small states to pursue a multifaceted, innovation driven growth agenda and for development agencies to rethink development options and strategies.
‘Climate-proof’ and resilience
For many Small Island Developing states (SIDS) in the Caribbean, Africa and the Pacific the impact of natural disasters and climate change is real. The recent devastation caused by Severe Tropical Cyclone Winston in Fiji reiterates why SIDS require specific assistance and points to the need to better “climate-proof” development projects in these economies. Both the 2014 Third International Conference on Small Island Developing States (SIDS), which took place in Samoa, and the 2015 Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction, recognised the vulnerability of countries to natural disasters but importantly also highlighted the shared responsibility of the state, the private sector and the development community in the recovery effort.
Top Barbados tourism official reports growth
Chief Executive Officer of the Barbados Tourism Marketing Inc (BTMI) William Griffith has reported that the Barbados’ tourism sector is back on a path of growth following six years of recessionary conditions. Griffith explained, “This year we have seen growth in all of the major areas of importance, including airlift, accommodations, and programmes to enhance the quality of our tourism product.” For the upcoming winter season, the island is set to realize a seven per cent increase in airlift having negotiated several inaugural flights, including: a new service out of Bogota, Columbia; two new JetBlue flights from New York and new Boston; a new Avianca service between Barbados and Sao Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Santiago de Chile, Buenos Aires, Panama City, Mexico, Lima, San Salvador, Guayaquil and Quito; a new Thomas Cook service from Glasgow, Scotland; and Air Canada’s Rouge service. BTMI has completed a brand positioning exercise for future marketing campaigns. The BTMI’s sister agency, the Barbados Tourism Product Authority (BTPA), is also implementing a number of initiatives to create new tourism experiences, assure high service and product quality and increase public awareness of the importance of tourism.
SIDS DOCK Treaty Enters into Force
A treaty establishing the Small Island Developing States (SIDS) Sustainable Energy and Climate Resilience Initiative – SIDS DOCK – entered into force on 30 September 2015, with a ceremony at UN Headquarters featuring the official handover of instruments of ratification by the first 11 contracting Parties: Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, the Cook Islands, Dominica, Grenada, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Seychelles and Tuvalu. By the treaty, SIDS DOCK is established as an intergovernmental organization – the first global intergovernmental organization of island nations, according to a press release. SIDS DOCK was first established in 2009 by SIDS heads of state and government, at the initiative of the Alliance of Small Island States (AOSIS). It aims to help develop a sustainable energy sector in small islands, providing the foundation for low-carbon economic growth and adaptation to climate change, with the aim of helping small islands achieve by 2033 50% electric power from renewable sources, a 25% decrease in conventional transportation fuel use, and a 25% increase in energy efficiency (using a 2005 baseline).
Climate Change Risk Management Options for the Transportation Sector
publications.iadb.org, May 2015
The Latin America and Caribbean (LAC) region has a long history of coping with natural hazards, but climate change is expected to exacerbate the threats of hurricanes, floods, and coastal storm surges. Moreover, average temperatures and sea levels are already known to be rising, precipitation patterns might change, and hurricanes could intensify. Many of these changes are already occurring, and are projected to become more severe in the future affecting the financial, economic, environmental, and social performance of current and future IDB investments in the region. The Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) supports a wide-range of projects in the LAC region and has drawn up a factsheet that identifies climate change risks and risk management options that can be incorporated into IDB-investments for the Transportation sector.