In this section, you may find new materials that have been published on the topic of ‘The role of agribusiness and development partnerships in advancing African agriculture‘, since the date of the event. We continually select major new publications and articles that add up to the policy points discussed in this briefing.

Contract farming and public–private partnerships in aquaculture. Lessons learned from East African countries
FAO, 2018

This report presents the lessons learned from a project in four East African countries – Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda and Uganda – focusing on youth and their agribusinesses. In Burundi and Rwanda, poultry and eggs were sold to retailers but were also provided to schools to alleviate malnutrition. In Kenya and Uganda the focus was on fish farming, raising finfish in cages and selling fingerlings. Partnering with private companies enabled young people to obtain business and technical knowledge in addition to a market for their produce.

Public-Private Partnerships in Fragile States: Reflection on the practice, challenges and opportunities in Somaliland
FAO, 2018

This paper largely draws from the experiences of the DfID-funded Sustainable Employment and Economic Development (SEED) programme implemented in Somalia. It seeks to shed light on Public Private Partnership (PPP) in fragile states to justify the continued dialogue on the viability of the PPP approach in enhancing governance and service delivery in public institutions and sustaining them towards economic development in Somalia. The thrust of this paper is that public and private sector partnership if enhanced in Somalia will create incremental effect to development which can later on be strengthened by a stable and credible polity. The operational thesis is that PPP can rely on existing structures and resources (local and external) to improve the deteriorated situation in Somalia but with a strong resolve to strengthen these structures for posterity.

Establishing effective partnerships with the private sector for agribusiness development
FAO; 2018

Against a background of limited government resources, public–private partnerships are increasingly being promoted as a mechanism for pooling financing, increasing efficiency and mitigating some of the risks of doing business in the agrifood sector. A recent review of international experiences found that agri-PPPs have the potential to contribute towards sustainable agricultural development that is inclusive of smallholder farmers provided collective action and risk management mechanisms are integrated into partnership agreements. However, successful agri-PPPs depend on the existence of a sound enabling environment and the right mix of public and private sector skills.

Multi-stakeholder partnerships to finance and improve food security and nutrition in the framework of the 2030 Agenda
FAO, 2018

The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the Addis Ababa Action Agenda encouraged the use of multi-stakeholder partnerships (MSPs) to complement the efforts of national governments and intergovernmental organizations in ending hunger and poverty and achieving sustainable development. In this context, MSPs are gaining traction, as a part of a new approach to governance, and as a topic for science. Yet, evidence and data are still limited and quickly evolving. Considering this increased importance of MPSs in the global arena, during its 43rd Plenary Session (17-21 October 2016), the CFS requested the HLPE to produce a report on “Multistakeholder Partnerships to Finance and Improve Food Security and Nutrition in the Framework of the 2030 Agenda” to be presented at CFS45 Plenary session in October 2018. This report highlights transparency and accountability as key conditions: to align MSPs’ work with the progressive realization of the right to adequate food; to better use existing resources for FSN and sustainable development; and even to potentially attract new resources. This report also suggests a set of criteria to enable governments and non-state actors to perform their own assessments of MSPs following a common methodology, as well as pathways to improve their contribution to financing and improving FSN.

Ending hunger and malnutrition: The role of public-private partnerships
ECDPM, October 2017

Food security and adequate nutrition are a matter of life or death. They are integral to a wide range of development goals, as preconditions for sustainable, social, economic and human development. However, according to the UN Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO, 2017), 800 million people still suffer from hunger and more than two billion from malnutrition (micronutrient deficiencies or forms of overnourishment), with Africa as the continent with the highest levels of vulnerability. Globally, 159 million children under five are stunted, with no access to adequate nutrition. This paper explores the role of public-private partnerships (PPPs) in reaching SDG number 2 (SDG 2): “ending hunger, achieving food security and improved nutrition, and promoting sustainable agriculture”.

OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2016-2025: Special focus: Sub-Saharan Africa
fao.org, July 2016

The twelfth joint edition of the OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook provides market projections to 2025 for major agricultural commodities, biofuels and fish. The 2016 report contains a special feature on the prospects for, and challenges facing, Sub-Saharan Africa. Over the ten year Outlook period slowing demand growth will be matched by efficiency gains in production, implying relatively flat real agricultural prices. However, market and policy uncertainties imply a risk of resurgent volatility. The outlook for agriculture in Sub-Saharan Africa is for rising food availability, which will support a declining incidence of undernourishment. The sector’s prospects could be much improved by more stable policies across the region, by strategic public and private investments, notably in infrastructure, and by suitably adapted research and extension.

Agribusiness in the African Competitiveness Report 2015
afdb.org, June 2015

The Africa Competitiveness Report 2015 has a chapter dedicated to agribusiness in Africa. The chapter argues that “urgent attention should be given to the development of agricultural value chains integration in order to boost African farmers’ benefits and create an agribusiness industry.” It adds, “small-scale farmers, linked to large-scale businesses or organized in groups, would diversify their production into higher value crops, adopt better production processes, and earn higher output prices”. The report also notes that between 2006 and 2014, the AfDB committed US$6.33bn to a total of 198 operations in agriculture and agribusiness. The AfDB Agricultural Sector Strategy (AGSS) 2015-2019 seeks to build on AfDB’s work in agriculture by bringing the agriculture sector and agribusiness to the fore of Africa’s structural transformation agenda.

 Private sector development – a business plan or development strategy?
oefse.at, April 2015

This new working paper on ‘Private sector development (PSD)’ explores the increasingly prominent role private setor plays in debates as well as budgets of international development cooperation. It recognises that while the promotion of private sector activities in developing countries has been part of development cooperation strategies, in recent years there has been a shift towards a more proactive role of the private sector – defined as a partner to address development challenges. The paper illustrates the growing prominence of the private sector in development cooperation and identifies reasons for this trend: PSD is not a “technical solution” but that there are different theoretical approaches to PSD that favour distinct policy measures, discussing the structuralist, neoclassical and neostructuralist approach. Finally, it  presents reflections on the relationship between current PSD strategies and sustainable economic and inclusive development.

NEPAD-CAADP Agribusiness Chambers in Africa Study
nepad.org, January 2015

NEPAD/CAADP has released a new publication  on the role of agribusiness Chambers in Africa, with support from GIZ. The purpose of the study is to provide a stocktaking analysis and institutional assessment of National Agribusiness Chambers (NACs) and other similar private sector umbrella organisations in five African countries, namely South Africa, Ethiopia, Senegal, Ghana and Cameroon. The study includes various valuable pointers as to how private sector involvement in the CAADP process can further be strengthened.

Agribusiness & ICTS – prerequisites for youth in family farming
arydis.cta.int, September, 2014

CTA, in collaboration with the African Youth Foundation (AYF) conducted an e-debate on “Yoth sustaining family farming through ICTS” and has published a report which highlights the key recommendations on youth, ICTs and family farming.  Participants raised the need to develop agribusiness capacity for young family farmers and to ensure that ICT solutions targeting farming and rural stakeholders are more adapted to rural socio-technical contexts.

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