In this section, you may find new materials that have been published on the topic of “Fish-farming: The new driver of the blue economy”, since the date of the event. We continually select major new publications and articles that add up to the policy points discussed in this briefing.
FAO: The State of the World’s Aquatic Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture
The State of the World’s Aquatic Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture is the first global assessment based on national reporting on aquatic genetic resources for food and agriculture. The focus of the Report is on farmed aquatic species and their wild relatives, within national jurisdictions. The Report provides a comprehensive global assessment of, inter alia, the status, use and exchange, drivers and trends, conservation efforts, stakeholders, policies and legislation, research, education, training and extension, and international collaboration relevant to AqGR.
Namibia: Fisheries to spend N$38 million on aquaculture
Fisheries minister Bernhard Esau says the ministry will spend about N$38 million to promote marine and inland aquaculture in the financial year 2019/20. He revealed this information in the National Assembly on Monday, while motivating the ministry’s budget of N$250 million for the financial year 2019/20. “The purpose of this is to ensure the responsible development of aquaculture and the sustainable use of inland fisheries resources, increase income, enhance food security, reduce poverty through employment-creation, as well as improve rural livelihoods and increase investments,” Esau said. He noted that hatcheries produce fingerlings for small-scale farmers across the country at the government demonstration fish farms located at Epalela, Mpungu, Leonardville and Keetmanshoop. The funds allocated to this programme during the preceding financial year were used for research, fingerlings and fish production, training and extension services.
CCRIF, CRFM sign MoU to develop solutions for Caribbean fisheries & aquaculture
The Caribbean Regional Fisheries Mechanism (CRFM) has signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with the CCRIF SPC to develop climate-resilient fisheries and aquaculture industries in the region. The latest collaboration between the CRFM and the CCRIF SPC (formerly the Caribbean Catastrophe Risk Insurance Facility), is designed to formalise collaborative efforts around the Caribbean Oceans and Aquaculture Sustainability Facility (COAST) initiative, which looks to lower the risks climate change poses to food security and nutrition. Furthermore, the COAST initiative looks to mitigate the negative impacts of climate change on sustainable food production as it relates to the fisheries industry. The signing of the MoU between the pair is expected to facilitate the finalisation of a sovereign parametric insurance solution for both the fisheries and aquaculture sectors in the region, and support the distribution of the product, which includes building the awareness of stakeholders and required training for market participants.
Study shows that oceanic aquaculture has great potential in the Caribbean
A team of researchers at UC Santa Barbara’s Bren School of Environmental Science & Management and the Marine Science Institute (MSI) think that offshore aquaculture in the Caribbean has great development potential. The team focused specifically on offshore mariculture, operations done far from shore, because it offers a promising alternative to land-based and coastal aquaculture, where space is limited and environmental impacts are often high. The researchers’ model predicts the region could produce 40 million metric tonnes of seafood in less than 1.5 percent of its countries’ exclusive economic zones. Under current market conditions, the Caribbean could match its current seafood production by farming in just 179 square kilometers, equivalent to only a 0.006 percent of its marine space. “The Caribbean has a large potential for off-shore mariculture,” said Lennon Thomas, the study’s lead author, “and meeting this potential can be accomplished by developing mariculture in a relatively small amount of ocean space,” he added. The team used cobia as the project`s model species to estimate the Caribbean’s potential for commercial mariculture. Cobia is a premium fish with high market value that is well suited to farming in warmer waters. The scientists combined elements like fish growth and habitat suitability with factors such as farm profitability and investment risk, and this model provided more realistic estimates of mariculture potential than if it had focused solely on biology or economics.
Fish consumption in Latin America and the Caribbean will grow by 33% by 2030
By 2030, the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) predicts an important boost to the current low consumption of fish in Latin America and the Caribbean, according to a new report published on Monday. According to the State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture 2018 (SOFIA), the region will see a considerable increase in its total fish consumption: 33%. This is particularly important for the region, as it is currently a net exporter of fish and a large aquaculture producer, but it has the lowest per capita consumption worldwide: only 9.8 kilos per year. In 2015, the region consumed only 6.2 million tons of fish, less than all other regions of the world, except for Oceania. By 2030, total fish consumption is expected to increase in all regions and sub-regions, with strong projected growth in Latin America (+ 33%), Africa (+ 37%), Oceania (+ 28%) and Asia (+ 20%). In per capita terms, global fish consumption is projected to reach 21.5 kg in 2030, compared with 20.3 kg in 2016. Per capita consumption will increase in all regions except Africa (-2%). The highest growth rates are projected for Latin America (+ 18%) and for Asia and Oceania (+ 8% each).
The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture 2018
The 2018 edition of The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture emphasizes the sector’s role in achieving the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the Sustainable Development Goals, and measurement of progress towards these goals. It notes the particular contributions of inland and small-scale fisheries, and highlights the importance of rights-based governance for equitable and inclusive development. As in past editions, the publication begins with a global analysis of trends in fisheries and aquaculture production, stocks, processing and use, trade and consumption, based on the latest official statistics, along with a review of the status of the world’s fishing fleets and human engagement and governance in the sector. Topics explored in Parts 2 to 4 include aquatic biodiversity; the ecosystem approach to fisheries and to aquaculture; climate change impacts and responses; the sector’s contribution to food security and human nutrition; and issues related to international trade, consumer protection and sustainable value chains. Global developments in combating illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing, selected ocean pollution concerns and FAO’s efforts to improve capture fishery data are also discussed. The issue concludes with the outlook for the sector, including projections to 2030.
This report presents the lessons learned from a project in four East African countries – Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda and Uganda – focusing on youth and their agribusinesses. In Burundi and Rwanda, poultry and eggs were sold to retailers but were also provided to schools to alleviate malnutrition. In Kenya and Uganda the focus was on fish farming, raising finfish in cages and selling fingerlings. Partnering with private companies enabled young people to obtain business and technical knowledge in addition to a market for their produce.
Global Aquaculture Market Set to Reach USD 209.42 Billion by 2021
openpr.com, December 15, 2016
According to the report, global demand for aquaculture market was valued at USD 156.27 billion in 2015 and is expected to reach USD 209.42 billion in 2021, growing at a CAGR of 5.0% between 2016 and 2021. In terms of volume, the global demand for aquaculture stood at 71,190-kilo tons in 2015. Aquaculture is the farming of aquatic organisms such as fish, crustaceans, molluscs and aquatic plants in either freshwater or saltwater. The aquatic population is cultivated under controlled conditions in aquaculture. Aquaculture is also known as aqua farming. Various species are cultivated in this farming and harvested for commercial fishing across the globe. It has a wide scope of applications. Thus, it is expected to grow at significant rate in near future. The global aquaculture market is primarily driven by a decrease in global catchments of fish. Additionally, the rise in demand for fish oil in dietary supplements is expected to grow the demand for aquaculture market during the years to come. However, unfavorable climatic conditions are the major restraint that is expected to limit the growth of aquaculture market in the near future. Furthermore, adoption of rice-fish culture is likely to generate new opportunities for global aquaculture market across the global during the years to come.
Fisheries and aquaculture are essential for food and nutrition security, employment, income generation and improved livelihoods. The Volta Basin provides a significant number of fisheries and fisheries related jobs. However, operations face significant challenges including multifaceted issues, with inefficiencies at the upstream and downstream levels. In order to understand how to improve this situation sustainably, the NEPAD-FAO Fish Programme (NFFP) conducted pilot studies on post harvest fisheries losses in the riparian countries of the Volta Basin. The main objective was to gauge the performance of the post-harvest chain by assessing the causes, nature, contextual patterns and extent of these losses within this shared water body. The NFFP thus developed the capacity of fisheries officers and fishers in carrying out loss assessments and in designing sustainable loss-reduction cost-effective interventions. This comprised building a sound understanding of fish losses and their intricate dimensions, including a knowledge-sharing gender analysis process, and generating lessons and elements for an informed strategy for sustainable reduction of post-harvest losses and greater regional trade in fishery products. This strategy was developed following the regional workshop “Improvement of post-harvest chains and regional trade in countries bordering the Volta Basin”, which took place from 18 to 20 February 2014 in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, organized by the NEPAD Planning and Coordinating Agency (NPCA) and FAO, through the NFFP with the support of the Directorate of Fisheries of Burkina Faso. This consultative meeting of stakeholders identified drivers and determinants of post-harvest fish losses and trade barriers in the Volta region.
Ghana Govt. appeals private sector to boost aquaculture
The Minister of Fisheries and Aquaculture Development, Sherry Ayittey, has requested the private sector participation in developing aquaculture, after highlighting the viability of the business venture. Speaking at the 32nd National Farmers’ Day celebrations at Kintampo, the minister appealed private sector actors to support the development of aquaculture along its value chain, especially in the areas of financing and technical assistance. In addition, the official stressed the fact that the Ministry has created an enabling environment for the private sector to leverage on to help boost aquaculture in the country, GhanaWeb reported. The Minister cited the 5-year Ghana National Aquaculture Development Plan (GNADP), aimed at enhancing and improving the sector as one key avenue, viable for private sector participation. With the USD 85 million plan, the government intends to increase aquaculture production from 27,250 metric tonnes in 2013 to 100,000 metric tonnes in 2018 and is also expected to create an estimated 220,000 jobs across the value chain in aquaculture development.
WWF welcomes first ASC certified shrimp farm in Africa
Unima, leader in Madagascar’s shrimp production sector, was awarded Aquaculture Stewardship Certification (ASC) for its aquaculture farm Aqualma located in Mahajamba, the northwest coast of Madagascar. It is the first shrimp farm in Africa to receive ASC certification, an internationally recognized labeling scheme that promotes the best environmental and social aquaculture performance. WWF´s partnership with Unima to develop and implement good social and environmental practices started in 2007. Through ASC certification, the company is being recognized for boosting community development, reforestation and for its sound management of mangrove areas , water treatment and waste management.
Community Opportunities In Aquaculture: What Are The Possibilities And Limits?
PLAAS, September 23, 2016
Aquaculture now contributes 47% of fish available for human consumption – up from 9% in 1980. However, if fish protein is to be affordable and readily available in Africa, urgent innovations are needed to tackle the continent’s fish shortage and aquaculture is underdeveloped in Africa and South Africa. Intellectual property for new technologies, if not suitably managed, could limit aquaculture growth in South Africa. Huge start-up capital is needed to get aquaculture enterprises off the ground; community-based aquaculture therefore needs financial support at the outset. Networks and partnerships must be established if community-based aquaculture is to reach the market. In South Africa, the Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (DAFF) sees the potential for commercial aquaculture to expand the range of aquatic food products on the local market, and consequently improve food security, job creation, economic development and export opportunities (DAFF 2012). DAFF has therefore launched a few Community-Based Aquaculture (CBA) pilot projects. This Policy Brief is based on a study that investigated appropriate institutional and organisational arrangements for CBA in three of these pilot projects – Siyazama Aquaculture Cooperative, Hamburg, Eastern Cape; Imbaza Farm, Saldanha Bay, Western Cape; and Camdeboo Satellite Aquaculture Project, Graaff-Reinet, Eastern Cape. The study provides evidence-based recommendations for sustainable CBA in South Africa.
From Fish Waste to Fish Wealth: Caribbean takes first step to maximize value of fisheries and aquaculture sector
At a time when countries across the Caribbean region are faced with economic challenges, innovation in one of its prime sectors—the fisheries and aquaculture sector—can spur the kind of growth needed to help buttress the regional economy. However, this kind of change won’t come overnight. The Caribbean Regional Fisheries Mechanism (CRFM) is working with Member States from around the region, as they prepare to take the first steps in converting fish waste to fish wealth—a change which could multiply earnings from the sector.“Going forward, we need to make the point that proper utilization of fishery resources is not about increasing production or increasing catches, it is more about maximizing value of what we are now taking and realizing the significant benefits that is possible by focusing on value addition,” said Milton Haughton, Executive Director of the CRFM.
USD 3.2 million project launched to boost aquaculture in Zanzibar
In Zanzibar a USD 3.2 million aquaculture project has been launched to develop a marine hatchery, which is expected to lead to positive economic and food security outcomes. The initiative is carried out by the Revolutionary Government of Zanzibar in partnership with the Korean International Cooperation Agency (KOICA) and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and will run for three years. In a message read on his behalf at the launch, Hamad Rashid Mohamed, Minister of Agriculture, Natural Resources, Livestock and Fisheries, said the investment reflected the strong partnership between the Government, KOICA, and FAO. “Today’s event clearly shows how our partnership has grown stronger over the last years and how mariculture sector development has become an increasingly important policy objective of this Government,” said Mohamed.
Queensland researchers work to rebuild fish farming industry in Papua New Guinea
ABC News, 02/02/2016
While most people may not jump at the thought right now, for Papua New Guinea those echinoderms could be a huge money-maker. Australian researchers have been awarded $1.7million to help develop a mariculture industry in PNG, although it could be years before exports get off the ground. Mariculture is the cultivation of marine species in sea water. University of the Sunshine Coast professor of Sustainable Tropical Agriculture, Paul Southgate, will be one of the researchers taking part in the project.
Farmed fish – the next food revolution?
With farmed seafood having exceeded global beef production for the first time in 2011, it is the right to ask whether farmed fish is the next food revolution. Take for example the transformation of Sanggou Bay, from a struggling fishing port to an aquaculture leviathan. Aquaculture is the fastest-growing food-producing sector in the world and China is a big reason why. Indeed, China has tripled its fish production over the past 20 years, and it is now the top producer, exporter, and consumer of seafood. China contributes more than one-third of the global supply and 72 % of its total seafood output comes from aquaculture. Researches suggest that China’s dominance in aquaculture makes it inextricably linked to the industry’s future. Ling Cao, a postdoctoral researcher at Stanford University’s Center on Food Security and the Environment in California, says that how China develops its aquaculture sector will dramatically affect the availability of seafood across the globe.
Aquaculture touted as food security measure
At the recent Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) meetings on Food Security and Blue Economy, experts underscored the importance of developing more aquatic farms for the cultivation of fish and water plants to boost to food security and curb illegal fishing. Dr. Felix G. Ayson, chief of the Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center-Aquaculture Department based in Tigbuan, Iloilo said, “to provide food for the population, we need to increase our aquaculture production by 30% within 25 years. (…) It is necessary for us to produce fish in farms considering that many of our fishing grounds are already over-exploited. Fishermen are going into illegal means as there are not much fish out there already. So we need to supply them by cultivating in farms.” Remia A. Aparri, Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources (BFAR)-Region 6 director said, “Huge production is nothing when it only results in food loss. And this is what this APEC meeting is all about, minimizing food loss, especially in the post harvest.” APEC members includeAustralia, Brunei, Canada, Chile, People’s Republic of China, Chinese Taipei, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Peru, the Philippines, Russia, Singapore, South Korea, Thailand, the United States and Vietnam.
Brazil-Angola: Aquaculture-fisheries cooperation
Brazil and Angola are discussing a series of steps tp be taken to develop the countries’ cooperation in the fisheries and aquaculture sectors. The head of the Ministry of Fisheries and Aquaculture (MPA), Helder Barbalho said, “we are reaffirming the bilateral interest in building the two activities,” and in particular, he emphasized the importance of aquaculture. His Angolan counterpart, Minister Victoria de Barros Neto, at the headquarters of the MPA said, “It was very good. Our entrepreneurs and government representatives had the opportunity to learn about the management of the Ministry and to visit fish farms (…) We want to improve aquaculture, especially tilapia farming. We know that Brazil has a lot to help us.” Both parties intend to establish a broad range of cooperation with public companies and federal universities. Brazil has developed experiences with important results in the aquaculture sector, which is enabling the entry of new companies interested in investing in fish farming. In addition, MPA is agreeing guidelines with other government institutions and entities, such as the Brazilian Support Service for Micro and Small Enterprises (SEBRAE).
Angola –Argentina: Aquaculture & Fisheries Cooperation
Angola and Argentina are working together to strengthen their cooperation in the fisheries and aquaculture sectors and to improve trade. This new cooperation shall boost bilateral relations between the two countries but also, it contributes to enhanced South-South cooperation. Argentina’s Secretary of Institutional Coordination and Emergency Agricultural Policy, Javier Rodriguez said, “The representatives of Angola are visiting the fishing system of our country. Then we will have another meeting where we will advance the lines of concrete work in cooperation.” The Angolan Minister of Fisheries, Vitória de Barros Neto, said that “our main topics of interest for the sector are making new small fishing boats, acquisition and tool making for fishing as networks, a system to monitor and locate fish resources and cooling systems, areas in which we believe Argentina is leader.” Fishing in Angola is the third largest sector after oil and mining in the country.
Spain & Curaçao strengthen cooperation to curb IUU
Spain and Curaçao have signed a framework agreement for technical cooperation to strengthen the fight against illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing. The agreement provides that both sides shall share data relevant to combating IUU fishing, including on tools used for control and inspection of fishing activities. There is also a training component to the agreement, whereby fisheries inspectors will receive both theoretical and practical training. Spain is one of the leading countries taking active steps to combat IUU fishing and has been involved in a number of international cooperation activities (e.g. Operation Sparrow). The framework agreement also makes reference to transparency and cooperative surveillance protocols, license verification procedures, support to the global register of vessels by FAO and reference is made to the TRIP project which aims to points out eminent risks in the fishing industry.
Galicia aids Mozambique in artisanal fisheries and rural aquaculture
CETMAR Foundation, the Secretariat of Marine Affairs, Inland Waters and Fisheries of Mozambique through the National Institute of Aquaculture Development (INAQUA) and the National Institute of Fishing Research (IIP) are working on the implementation of a project, funded by Xunta de Galicia through Galician Cooperation, which aims to strengthen the development of artisanal fisheries and rural aquaculture in the area of Cabo Delgado, in this African country. The purpose of this project, which will be developed during the current year, is aligned with the priorities of the Mozambican government, which are the contribution to poverty reduction and food security. The initiative seeks to achieve an improvement in the living conditions of communities through increased employment and yields of small scale producers’ activities.
New report shows positive social impact of aquaculture industry
A report commissioned by the Ministry for Primary Industries (MPI) on the social effects of the Southland aquaculture industry on Stewart Island and Bluff, shows that its introduction to this region has been “overwhelmingly” positive over a period of 25 years. The research included interviews with 66 local businesses, community organisations and 130 industry staff showed: 31 per cent of staff reported an increase in self respect; 81 per cent of staff had learned new skills; 70 per cent reported an increase in annual income compared to their previous employment. Kathy Mansell, Director of Aquaculture, Growth and Innovation said: “This is the first step for MPI in developing a better understanding of a range of social effects and benefits associated with aquaculture (…) Although it is clear that aquaculture provides employment, MPI wants to better understand the impact on the wider supply chain, what corporate responsibility looks like in the aquaculture industry and what the social effects of aquaculture employment has on local communities.” Aquaculture processing in Bluff contributes 102 direct jobs and a further 30 jobs from supply chain businesses. On Stewart Island 23 people are employed in direct jobs. The report indicated that aquaculture staff saw themselves as more employable with most staff reporting that they had learnt new skills.
Marshall Islands fisheries to benefit from $2.2 million in grants
The United States government is backing major expansion of fisheries and aquaculture development projects for remote atolls in the Marshall Islands that local officials say will be a “game changer” for economic advancement in a nation heavily dependent on donor aid. The US Agency for International Development’s Pacific American Climate Fund (PACAM) has awarded more than $2.2 million in grants to the Namdrik Atoll Development Association and Aquaculture Technologies of the Marshall Islands to help island communities adapt to the negative impacts of climate change and improve their livelihoods. Follow the link to listen to the audio.
Aquaculture: Opportunities and Challenges
Implemented jointly by ICTSD and the World Economic Forum, the E15Initiative convenes world-class experts and institutions to generate strategic analysis and recommendations for government, business and civil society geared towards strengthening the global trade system. During the last 30 years, the world’s seafood markets have changed profoundly. Improved logistics and distribution as well as lower transportation costs have created global markets for a number of species that earlier only had regional or local markets. As seafood is regarded as an industrial product, trade barriers have not been a major obstacle, particularly for product forms with a limited degree of processing. This has made seafood one of the most traded groups of food products. In 2010, 39 percent of seafood production was traded, and 77 percent of production was estimated to be exposed to trade competition. In addition to the increased trade in seafood, the “blue revolution” is rapidly changing the main mode of seafood production. Aquaculture has become a larger source of fish for food than wild capture, although production from wild harvest is still larger overall due to non-food uses such as reduction to fish meal.
Caribbean urged to reverse decline in aquaculture
The 13th Meeting of the Caribbean Fisheries Forum, held in St. George’s, Grenada, emphasized the necessity for collective action by the 17 member states of the Caribbean Regional Fisheries Mechanism (CRFM) in order to address the challenges of the fisheries and the aquaculture sector of the Caribbean. Main challenges are international and local economic pressures and rising input costs; threats to fish stocks and habitats from pollution and illegal, unregulated and unreported fishing; and the adverse effects of climate change. In order to confront these difficulties, cooperation and unity within the region are of critical importance. Furthermore, a legislative and regulatory framework , policy support, incentives to fish farmers and private sector investors are extremely important in order to increase production, for both local consumption and exports. CRFM, funded by the CTA, conducted a survey of aquaculture in the region, which allowed it to prepare a 5-year plan of action to guide development of aquaculture for the coming years.
Identifying current and emerging fisheries trade issues
ICTSD, 16 /04/ 2015
Fish are among the world’s most traded food commodities. What are the key issues affecting fisheries production and trade today and what trends to look out for? It cannot be repeated enough that fish and fish products are deeply connected to the world trade system. Around 38 percent of all fish, caught in the wild or raised in aquaculture, are traded. But the landscape of fish catch and production is changing. While world catches from the wild have stabilised at around 90-95 million tonnes per year, aquaculture has expanded rapidly, now contributing more than 90 million tonnes to the annual total. Aquaculture is now on track to be the main source of fish in the near future. For developing countries in particular exports of fish and fish products are an important foreign currency earner. The value of fish exports from developing countries exceeds those of most other cash crops, namely food grown for commercial rather than subsistence purposes, including coffee and rubber. Most fish are exported to three main markets – Japan, the US, and the EU – but China is a huge and growing market. The Asian economy has become the most important producer and trader of fish products partly because it imports large quantities of unprocessed fish for processing and re-export.
Aquaculture Publication: Resource for Farmers Raising and Caring for Fish
Iowa State University, 04/03/2015
The Iowa State University has a new publication on standard operating procedures for aquaculture. It outlines information fish health, feeding practices, water quality, water treatment and recirculating aquaculture. D. Allen Pattillo, extension fisheries specialist explains, “Since fish farm numbers have increased in the past few years, it was time to get fisheries knowledge in the producer’s hands.” This is a timely publication in light of the growing acquaculture industry, higher consumption of fish and acceptance of it as a source of healthy protein. The North Central Regional Aquaculture Center advances information on emerging trends and identifies research questions for the aquaculture industry that will help the industry progress.
The EC values innovative project to boost European aquaculture
The European Commission (EC) approved the innovative character of an initiative in the field of aquaculture developed by centres of ten Member States, with the financial support of the European Union. All the partners — Spain, Belgium, the Czech Republic, France, Greece, Hungary, the Republic of Ireland, the Netherlands, Norway and the United Kingdom — pursue the aim of ensuring more effective and applicable research in the aquaculture sector. The project, called Aquaexel, aims to bring together leading scientists from the EU and from other countries associated to develop joint projects that promote research excellence, and facilitate access to resource and centres of aquaculture research in Europe. It is expected that the results of the research undertaken as part of this initiative will enable farmers to increase their competitiveness and boost the economy of coastal communities.
Aquaculture as Gateway to “Blue Economy” for CRFM States
Globally, aquaculture is a multi-billion-dollar industry, but the Caribbean has yet to tap into its true potential to expand marine and fresh water aquaculture. The good news is that a recently concluded study will provide the necessary foundation for a region-wide programme to harness more from the culture of fish and other fisheries products. Milton Haughton, Executive Director of the Caribbean Regional Fisheries Mechanism (CRFM), emphasizes that, “Aquaculture has the potential to make greater contribution to economic and social development of the Caribbean, provided that appropriate policy frameworks and incentives are provided for stakeholders in the sector.”
Wild-capture fisheries provide a critical source of nutritional and economic benefits to people worldwide. With coastal populations projected to grow by 35 percent in the next 20 years, the demand for fish will continue to increase and with it the need for the sustainable management of aquatic resources. Stock status is a key parameter for evaluating the sustainability of fishery resources and developing corresponding management plans. While managers and policy-makers need information on the status of individual fish stocks to develop effective management strategies, determining the status and potential production of wild-capture fish stocks still remains a main challenge. The majority of stocks are not assessed, often as a result of insufficient data and a lack of resources needed to execute formal stock assessments. The FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Department has just released a study, Developing new approaches to global stock status assessment and fishery production potential of the seas, as an important step in investigating the performance of methods that can be used to estimate stock status. The document focuses on two approaches to estimating fisheries status: one based on single-stock status, and the other based on ecosystem production. The results are not intended to provide direct advice to motivate management measures on specific fisheries, but to give an indication of the health of fish stocks and their production potential.
The Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN (FAO) has released a report, titled ‘Fisheries and aquaculture emergency response guidance,’ which draws on lessons learned during responses to disasters that affected the fisheries and aquaculture sectors. The guide aims to save the lives and livelihoods of people affected by disasters, climate change and human activity-related hazards, and humanitarian emergencies in the fisheries and aquaculture sectors.
WorldFish and Partners Release Publication on Sustainable Aquaculture Scenarios
worldfishcentre.org, June 2014
With the global wild fish supply stagnant and the human population increasing, new research shows that farmed fish and shellfish production will likely need to increase by 133 percent between 2010 and 2050 in order to meet projected fish demand worldwide. The study finds that although aquaculture’s environmental impacts are likely to rise as production grows, there are a variety of actions producers can take to minimize impacts and encourage sustainable growth of the aquaculture industry. The findings are being unveiled by the World Resources Institute (WRI), WorldFish, the World Bank, INRA, and Kasetsart University in a new paper called Improving Productivity and Environmental Performance of Aquaculture.
Improving Productivity and Environmental Performance of Aquaculture
wri.org, June 2014
Installment 5 of Creating a Sustainable Food Future explores the potential role of aquaculture in meeting global fish demand in 2050. The report makes five recommendations to catalyse the transformation in the aquaculture sector: 1. Invest in technological innovation and transfer, specifically breeding and hatchery technology, disease control, feeds and nutrition, and development of low-impact production systems; 2. Use spatial planning and zoning to reduce cumulative impacts of many farms and ensure that aquaculture stays within the surrounding ecosystem’s carrying capacity; 3. Shift incentives to reward sustainability; 4. Leverage the latest information technology, including satellite and mapping technology, ecological modeling, open data, and connectivity so that global-level monitoring and planning systems support sustainable forms of aquaculture development; 5. Shift fish consumption toward fish that are low on the food chain—“low-trophic” species such as tilapia, catfish, carp, and bivalve mollusks.
Commissioner Damanaki backs EU’s aquaculture
fis.com, May 2014
European Commissioner for Maritime Affairs and Fisheries Maria Damanaki highlighted the benefits of eating, fresh, locally produced fish, that is to say, fish farmed in the EU. This was the message the EU Commissioner expressed at the Seafood Expo Global 2014 and she explained that by ‘fish farmed’ she was referring to both finfish and shellfish. The Commissioner added that only 10 per cent of EU consumption is also farmed in the EU and that much of the imported seafood travels long distances from remote places around the world to reach consumers’ tables.
Fish farming is still the future
worldfish.net, May 2014
The key theme to emerge from the Offshore Mariculture Conference 2014 was that aquaculture is still the future. As conference chairman, Alessandro Lovatelli, aquaculture officer at the FAO, stated, “the maximum sustainable potential from wild capture fisheries has been reached, but aquaculture is growing”. Fish farms are expected to produce nearly two-thirds of global food fish supply by 2030, and the rise in seafood demand gives countries the opportunity to expand and improve responsible fish and shellfish farming practices, with increased focus on offshore mariculture. Currently Asia is the only continent producing more fish than capture fisheries (54%), and, geographically, tilapia is the most widespread species for aquaculture production in the world.
Updated FAO Database Shows Increasing Aquaculture Output Globally
biodiversity-l.iisd.org, March 2014
The global volume of aquaculture output is comparable to that of capture fisheries, according to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN’s (FAO) Global Aquaculture Production Volume and Value Statistics Database. FAO updated this volume and its database to 2012. Aquaculture’s contribution to total world fish production increased from 25.7 percent in 2000 to 42.2 percent in 2012, according to FAO data. Aquaculture supplied a global average of 9.41 kilograms of food fish per person in 2012. FAO’s capture and aquaculture dataset from 1950 to 2012 is available online through its software for fishery statistical time series, ‘FishStatJ’ and its database. [FAO Press Release] [FishStatJ] [Global Aquaculture Production Database]
Aquaculture Continues to Gain on Wild Fish Capture
vitalsigns.worldwatch.org, April 2014
According to preliminary estimates by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), total global fish production was expected to reach an all-time high of 160 million tons in 2013, up from 157.9 million tons in 2012. This figure includes a projected wild capture of 90 million tons, down from 91.3 million tons in the previous year and from 93.7 million tons in 2011.
Strategic review of African aquaculture markets and export potential
sarnissa.org, February 2014
Lee M. Cocker, BSc, MSc, MRes, PgD
Strategic review of African aquaculture feeds
NEPAD, February 2014
Mr. Lee M. Cocker, BSc, MSc, MRes, PgD
Full expert datasheets – on over 1000 cultured species, diseases, production systems, case studies and ecosystems Basic information – on over 9000 other species and diseases Latest scientific findings – through 80,000 bibliographic records updated weekly In depth information – through over 850 especially selected Library documents and over 3000 Full Text journal and conference articles NEW – easy-to-use search engines; clearer layout; taxonomy browse; regular updating; recently commissioned and updated datasheets; core data from WorldFish Center and many other sources.
European Union and Australian government provide boost for new aquaculture enterprise
spc.com, 26 February 2014
The European Union and the Government of Australia have jointly helped support the first ever commercial mud crab business in Fiji. The Crab Company of (Fiji) Ltd. started operating in 2011, and today it celebrated the launch of its new and improved farming and processing facilities in Navua. The facilities are expected to help the business increase production and better serve the market demands for Fiji’s mud crabs. The European Union-provided support came from the Increasing Agricultural Commodity Trade (IACT) project. This EU-funded initiative is a regional programme undertaken in 15 Pacific ACP countries and implemented by the Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC). The Crab Company is also supported by the Australian Government through the Market Development Facility (MDF), its flagship program for private sector development in Fiji. Speaking at the launch, both donors described the event as a significant development for the aquaculture industry in the country and applauded the company’s progress since it began operations. ‘Through the IACT project, 42 enterprises are supported in order to modernise their operations, expand their business and create sustainable employment opportunities for the local communities.
Policy and governance in aquaculture
FAO, Rome, 2014
The COFI Sub-Committee on Aquaculture requested FAO to prepare Guidelines for Improving Governance in Aquaculture. As part of that process, two background papers were prepared that provide overviews of governance in aquaculture. One of them has a focus on the legal aspects of marine aquaculture governance; it is stand-alone publication as a FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Technical Paper. The second background paper is the current report. It summarizes some of the issues facing general aquaculture governance, current “best practices” and potential challenges for the future. The NEPAD-FAO Fish Programme (NFFP) funded the publication of this report.
How fish can feed Africa
devex, 25 February 2014
This is a joint post with Malcolm Dickson, senior scientist and IEIDEAS project leader at WorldFish. We are all eating more fish nowadays — except in Africa, where there is a huge and rapidly growing gap between fish supply and demand. But why is this happening when fish is such an important component of the diet of the poor, particularly in a part of the world where food and nutrition security remains a major problem? This is where donors need to pay more attention, because fish can truly became a big part of the solution to end poverty and hunger in Africa.
European Union and Australian government provide boost for new aquaculture enterprise
thejetnewspaper, 18 February 2014
Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC), Suva – The European Union and the Government of Australia have jointly helped support the first ever commercial mud crab business in Fiji. The Crab Company of (Fiji) Ltd. started operating in 2011, and today it celebrated the launch of its new and improved farming and processing facilities in Navua.
Cameroon to produce 100,000 tonnes of fish with aquaculture
Business Cameroon, 17 February 2014
According to the Cameroonian Minister of Fisheries, Dr. Taïga, Cameroon plans to produce around 100,000 tonnes of fish per annum by developing aquaculture. This is the goal for the intensive production centres the Cameroonian government has just begun building in several regions across the country.
Raising More Fish to Meet Rising Demand
World Bank, 5 February 2014
A new World Bank report estimates that in 2030, 62% of the seafood we eat will be farm-raised to meet growing demand from regions such as Asia, where roughly 70% of fish will be consumed. China will produce 37% of the world’s fish, while consuming 38% of world’s food fish. By producing more seafood that is affordable and rich in nutrition, aquaculture can help improve food security and livelihoods for the world’s poorest. The rise in seafood demand gives countries the opportunity to expand and improve responsible fish and shellfish farming practices.
Commercial shrimp fishing expected to fall 67 percent in 2014
Macauhub, 7 February 2014
Commercial shrimp fishing in Mozambique is expected to fall to 2,000 tons in 2014, as compared to an average of 6,000 tons over the last few years, dropping by around 67 percent, Mozambique’s fishing minister, according to Victor Borges.
Fish to 2030: Prospects for Fisheries and Aquaculture
World Bank, 5 February 2014
A new World Bank report on “Fish to 2030: Prospects for Fisheries and Aquaculture”- estimates that nearly two-thirds of the seafood we eat will be farm-raised in 2030. The report concludes that as sources from wild capture fisheries approach their maximum take, aquaculture—or fish farming—will help satisfy the growing global appetite for fish and seafood. The new World Bank report projects that in 2030, aquaculture will produce half of the world’s supply of fish, including fish for food and other products such as fishmeal. Meanwhile, 62% of the seafood that will end up on people’s plates will come from fish farms, which will grow production to meet rising demand—especially from Asia, where roughly 70% of fish will be consumed. In 2030, an emerging middle class in China will become a particularly large market for fish. With increased investment in aquaculture, China will produce 37% of the world’s fish and consume 38% of the fish the world eats, the report estimates.
FAO Calls for Partnerships to Address Global Aquaculture Demand
Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), 15 October 2013
At the seventh session of the Committee on Fisheries Sub-Committee on Aquaculture (COFI AQ), over 50 countries endorsed a Global Aquaculture Advancement Partnership (GAAP) programme to bring together a broad range of public and private sector stakeholders to find sustainable aquaculture solutions. The COFI AQ meeting took place in St. Petersburg, Russia, from 7-11 October 2013. According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN (FAO), the GAAP provides a response to the challenge that aquaculture currently produces almost 50% of global fish consumption, and needs to expand in order to meet the demands of a growing global population. The GAAP is expected to review constraints to growth in the sector and help to identify governance processes that safeguard aquatic health and conserve biodiversity. In addition to endorsing the GAAP, COFI AQ considered a tool to evaluate harmonization between public and private aquaculture certification schemes and the global certification guidelines of the FAO. The GAAP and the evaluation framework will be sent to the Committee on Fisheries, for consideration at its next session in June 2014.
Integrated fish farming cuts wastage, boosts income
The Hindu, 19 September 2013
Dwindling farm land resources and its direct impact on crop productivity makes many farmers explore other options. Knowledgeable farmers grow more than one crop along with fishes and some livestock to provide subsidiary income. One important reason is that the animal wastes can be effectively recycled as manure for their crops, and also as feed for fishes, thereby reducing huge expenses for purchase of inputs. In an integrated component nothing goes waste.
Sustainable aquaculture offers protein production and energy efficiency
Foodsecurity, 29 May 2013
Professor David Little of the University of Stirling, recently reflected on ways that aquaculture can produce a greater amount of animal product for the same energy inputs. Writing on the Global Food Security blog, he explains that producing, distributing and consuming food accounts for 20-25% of energy consumption in developed countries. The largest energy investments are made to produce protein-rich produce such as meat and fish. He argues that ‘aquaculture can produce a greater amount of animal product for the same energy inputs than other forms of animal-sourced food.’
Smallholder aquaculture: sustaining the impact of private investment
New Agriculturist, July 2013
The growth of aquaculture – now the fastest growing food production system in the world – is increasingly attracting private investment. Much of this investment, however, is in larger enterprises and input services such as feed, seed and processing. Little is targeted at smallholder farmers who, as a result, continue to face constraints in accessing finance, technology and markets. In 2010, WorldFish set out to explore the business case for investment in smallholder aquaculture by examining several donor funded projects. Research found that investments in smallholder farmers and their organisations can be commercially viable, creating economic as well as social and environmental benefits.
Jamaica House Passes Bill for Aquaculture and Fisheries Guidelines
The Fish Site, 22 July 2013
JAMAICA – A Bill seeking to address the import of aquaculture products into Jamaica, and to establish proper and adequate guidelines for all aspects of the fishing industry, was passed in the House of Representatives on 16 July.
Farming in the Mauritian Sea
IPS News, June 25 2013
Industrial pollution, lack of surveillance and recklessness of some fishers, has put the sustainability of the fish resources in Mauritius at stake. Furthermore, local fishermen have complained that their already small catches of fish – 5,100 tonnes in 2012 – was further under threat due to the EU-Mauritius fishing agreement, which allows European vessels to catch 5,500 tonnes of fish a year for three years. On this backdrop, aquaculture could offer some tangible solutions to develop the fisheries industry in Mauritius. However, not everyone is happy with the solution and some fishers and environmentalists say that fish farming will negatively impact the marine ecosystem. To date, aquaculture has been introduced to three areas in the surrounding ocean here, while a further 19 sites have been identified. The cages, nets, fingerlings, and feed have all been provided for free by the government and the European Union (EU) under the Decentralised Cooperation Programme.
Major fish farming potential in ACP largely untapped
IslandBusiness, 9th July, 2013
While the global demand for fish is climbing faster than what current resources can meet, fish farming or aquaculture remains a largely underdeveloped industry in African, Caribbean and Pacific regions. However, experts speaking at the 32nd CTA Brussels Briefing last week noted the “significant potential” of the sector across ACP regions if the right policies are in place.
Major fish farming potential in ACP largely untapped
ACP, July 8th, 2013
While the global demand for fish is climbing faster than current resources can meet, fish farming or aquaculture remains a largely underdeveloped industry in African, Caribbean and Pacific regions. However, experts speaking at the 32nd CTA Brussels Briefing last week noted the “significant potential” of the sector across ACP regions if the right policies are in place. During a roundtable discussion held at the ACP House, Senior Fisheries Advisor at the new partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD) Mr. Sloans Chimatiro said that while the tonnage of aquaculture production in Africa pales in comparison to Asia, the rate of expansion is “spectacular”, with an 80-90% growth within the last five years. But even with this increase, fish supply – both captured and farmed – will not be able to fulfil demand in Sub-Saharan Africa by 2015. Executive Director of the Caribbean Regional Fisheries Mechanism (CRFM) Mr Milton Haughton also pointed to the high per capita fish consumption in the Caribbean – 77kg each year in Antigua, and more than 30kg each in the Bahamas, Barbados, Grenada and St. Kitts. Yet most supply are imported, due to the high input cost of fish farming as well as a general decline of the industry since the mid-2000s, affected also by impacts of the global economic crisis and climate change.
Three-star shrimps from Belize Aquaculture
World fishing & Aquaculture, 6th August 2013
Belize Aquaculture Ltd. has become the first shrimp company in Belize and the second in Central America approved to offer three-star BAP shrimp. Belize Aquaculture’s shrimp hatchery, farm and processing plant located in Stann Creek District, in southeastern Belize, all earned BAP certification on 26 July.
The key to sustainable aquaculture
World fishing & Aquaculture, 7th August 2013
For the first time scientists have been able to develop a completely vegetarian diet that works for marine fish raised in aquaculture, the key to making aquaculture a sustainable industry. The study was led by Aaron Watson and Allen Place at the University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science’s Institute for Marine and Environmental Technology. “Aquaculture isn’t sustainable because it takes more fish to feed fish than are being produced,” said Dr Watson. “But a new vegetarian diet might change everything.”
Aquaculture Europe 2013 – Making Sense of Science
11th Conference of the Aquaculture Association of Southern Africa Aquaculture 2013
Stellenbosch, South Africa